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Kaiserfische

 

Angelfishes: Pomacanthidae
Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pomacanthidae

 

General Info:

One or more Species of this family can be found at most tropical shallow reefs all around the globe.
Because of their mostly bright colours and their disk-shaped bodies they stick out of the reef. The only other similar shaped and coloured fish-family are the Butterflyfishes (Chaetodontidae). Angelfishes have a strong spine as part of the gill cover which the related Butterflyfishes do not have.
This spine is also responsible for the name of this Family Pomacanthidae.
It comes from the Greek words “poma“ = cover and “akantha“ = thorn.
All species of Angelfishes live “diurnal”, means they are active during the day and hide at night in the cracks and holes of the reef or under coral.

 

Love Life:

Some Angelfish Species live solitary and form pairs only for mating while others form harems with one male dominating several females.
However they live, solitary or in harems, they are all „pelagic spawners“. This means that they release all their eggs into the free water.
The eggs are neutral buoyant so they won´t sink to the ground they just float through the oceans freely until they hatch.
All Angelfishes are born as females and if needed at a later point in their life they can simply turn male.
Some Angelfish species change their colour dramatically while growing up, others wear the same colours all their life.

 

Different Genera & Species:

Angelfish (Pomacanthidae) combine worldwide seven Genera and approximately 86 Species into one fish-family inside the Order of the perch-like fishes (Perciformes). Below you can find the different Species I have found, pictured and ided while scuba diving in the Solomon Islands.

 

Genus: Apolemichthys

Apolemichthys trimaculatusThree-Spot Angelfish
Three-Spot Angelfish solomon islands diving guadalcanal fish guide

Scientific Name:
Apolemichthys trimaculatus
Common Name:
Three-Spot Angelfish
max. Size:
25 cm

Discription:
coming soon

 

Genus: Centropyge

Centropyge bicolorBicolor Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Centropyge bicolor
Common Name:
Bicolor Angelfish
max. Size:
15 cm

Discription:
Head and front part of body bright yellow, rest of body deep blue with yellow tail. Blue saddle-like spot above the eyes.

 

Centropyge noxMidnight Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Centropyge nox
Common Name:
Midnight Angelfish
max. Size:
9 cm

Discription:
Completly black from head to tail with no special markings. Very shy fish and always hiding under corals and rocks. Loves to hide between Black Damsels but easily distinguished by its Angelfish typical round tail fin.

 

Centropyge vrolikiPearl-Scaled Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Centropyge vroliki
Common Name:
Pearl-Scaled Angelfish
max. Size:
12 cm

Discription:
Head and first 2/3 of body coloured in light grey last 1/3 including tail fin is black with thin blue outline.

 

Genus: Genicanthus

Genicanthus lamarckBlackstriped Angelfish
blackstriped angelfish male solomon islands diving guadalcanal fish guide blackstriped angelfish female solomon islands diving guadalcanal fish guide

MALE
Scientific Name:
Genicanthus lamarck
Common Name:
Blackstriped Angelfish
max. Size:
23 cm

FEMALE
Scientific Name:
Genicanthus lamarck
Common Name:
Blackstriped Angelfish
max. Size:
15 cm

Discription:
White body with 4 black lines. Thick black band on dorsal fin. Small black dots all over the fins. Upper and lower edge of tail fin extended.

Discription:
White body with 4 black lines. Upper line is thicker and draws a curve from the eye to the lower edge of the tail fin forming the lower margin of the tail fin, upper margin also black. Thick black band on dorsal fin. Small black dots sprinkeled all over the fins and on the back between dorsal fin upper black line.

 

Genus: Pomacanthus

Pomacanthus imperatorEmperor Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus imperator
Common Name:
Emperor Angelfish
max. Size:
38 cm

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus imperator
Common Name:
Juvenile – Emperor Angelfish
max. Size:
3-8 cm

Discription:
Main colour is yellow with many vivid blue lines. Black bar with blue outline behind the otherwise yellow head with a light blue coloured mouth and cheeks. Black mask with blue margin “covering” the eyes.

Discription:
Main Body colour intensive dark blue to black with white circular patterns. White back and transparent tail. These juvenile colours usually dissolve into the adult colours when they reach a body length of 8 to 12 cm.

 

Pomacanthus navarchusBlue-Girdled Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus navarchus
Common Name:
Blue-Girdled Angelfish
max. Size:
25 cm

Discription:
Main colour is yellow with blue coloured margin, lips and spots at centre of the body. Blue girdle wrapped around fish, starting at back just before the tail, stretching down and over the belly forward, and up again over the gill cover, eyes and forehead.

 

Pomacanthus semicirculatusSemicircle Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus semicirculatus
Common Name:
Semicircle Angelfish
max. Size:
35 cm

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus semicirculatus
Common Name:
Juvenile – Semicircle Angelfish
max. Size:
3-8 cm

Discription:
Main colour is greenish dark with blue sprinkles and lighter coloured belt at the centre of the body. Blue outlines on gill covers and yellow lips.

Discription:
Main Body colour intensive dark blue to black with alternating white and blue semicircular patterns. These juvenile colours usually dissolve into the adult colours when they reach a body length of 8 to 16 cm.

 

Pomacanthus sexstriatusSix-Banded Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Pomacanthus sexstriatus
Common Name:
Six-Banded Angelfish
max. Size:
46 cm

Discription:
Head dark blue with bright white vertical band behind the eyes. Main body colour dirty yellow with blue sprinkles and 6 black vertical bars. Tail Fin dark with many blue spots.

 

Genus: Pygoplites

Pygoplites diacanthusRegal Angelfish

Scientific Name:
Pygoplites diacanthus
Common Name:
Regal Angelfish
max. Size:
25 cm

Discription:
Main colour is yellow with 7 or 8 vertical light blue bars with dark outlines and bright almost white centre. Back part of dorsal fin is bright blue, anal fin blue with orange lines. Blue undefined spot and lines around eyes.